Important Tips for Fasting in the Month of Ramadhan (Part 1)-Shaykh Abdullah bin Hamid Ali
Shaykh Abdullah bin Hamid Ali
During Ramadhan, there are usually a number of questions that Muslims always have regarding the ‘Fiqh of Fasting’.
In the next few days, we will be posting several responses of Shaykh Abdullah bin Hamid Ali to these questions surrounding issues of fasting. We highly recommend Shaykh Abdullah bin Hamid Ali’s ‘Fiqh of Fasting which provides a excellent discourse on fasting according to the school of Imam Malik (ra)
In this posting we will look at two issues that are often confusing, especially for new Muslims. When exactly when do we start fasting? Can we eat our ‘suhur’ after fajr if it is still dark outside? Shaykh Abdullah answers this question in this MP3 clip taken from his ‘Fiqh of Fasting’ session.
The second issue revolves around making our intention for Fasting. Are we required to make our intentions each day that we fast or can we do it for the entire month of Fasting? Shaykh Abdullah responds to this question below.
Question 1. Since Ramadan is approaching too inshallah, would you
also be able to provide the evidence on the maliki maddhab for the intention to fast being made at the beginning of Ramadan being
sufficent, rather than every night?
Shaykh Abdullah’s Response
The Prophet said, “There is no fast for he who doesn’t intend the fast from the night.” The night ends at fajr. Although this hadeeth
gives the impression that one must renew one’s intention every night as Malikis say – making an intention to fast the entire month at the beginning of the month suffices for the rest of the month.
The evidence for the sufficiency of this is the analogy made between other obligatory acts of worship like Salat and Hajj. One isn’t required to renew one’s intention everytime one begins a new unit (rak’at) of prayer, just as one isn’t required to renew one’s intention every time one begins a new rite of the Hajj. Making the intention at the beginning of the Salat suffices for the rest of the Salat, and making the intention to perform the rites of Hajj once one adorns the ihraam suffices for the remainder of the Hajj. So the same applies for Ramadan.
That is, making the intention during the first night of Ramadan for the remainder of the month is sufficient for the other days, since it is an act of worship that isn’t considered complete until all of the required days of fasting are completed similar to the prayer and Hajj where the obligation of the prayer isn’t deemed complete until all rakats are prayed, just as the Hajj isn’t considered complete until all rites have been performed.
An exception is made for some one who has a valid excuse to not fast certain days during the month like a traveler, or woman on her menses. In this case, one would have to renew his/her intention to restart the fast.
Click HERE for Part 2 of Important Tips for Fasting in the Month of Ramadan
Click HERE for Part 3 of Important Tips for Fasting in the Month of Ramadan
Click HERE for Part 4 of Important Tips for Fasting in the Month of Ramadan